تأثیر واقعیت درمانی نوین گروهی مبتنی بر تئوری انتخاب بر اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی باللینی/ دانشگاه سمنان

2 دانشگاه سمنان

3 عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان شناسی/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

4 استاد گروه روان شناسی/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر واقعیت درمانی نوین گروهی مبتنی بر تئوری انتخاب بر اضطراب اجتماعی دانشجویان بود. بدین منظور از طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل استفاده شد. تعداد 40 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد با توجه به سطوح بالای اضطراب و ملاک‌های ورود و خروج، انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش، 11 جلسه واقعیت درمانی گروهی (90 دقیقه‌ای- هفته‌ای ‌یک جلسه) دریافت کرد. تمرکز بر جنبه‌های مختلف اضطراب اجتماعی و توانبخشی این افرادبرای بهبود موقعیتشان بود (توضیح رفتارهایاضطرابی به عنوان یک انتخاب درونی، توضیح مسئولانه بودن و واقعگرا بودن درخصوص رفتار کارآمد وافزایش مسئوولیتپذیری در قبال انتخاب رفتارها). اما گروه کنترل هیچ نوع درمانی دریافت نکرد. هر دو گروه پیش و پس از درمان و همچنین 3 ماه بعد از اتمام دوره‌ی درمان، مقیاس اضطراب اجتماعی (SPIN) را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با آزمون تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که واقعیت درمانی گروهی مبتنی بر تئوری انتخاب موجب کاهش اضطراب در دانشجویان گروه آزمایشی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل شده است. بر اساس ‌یافته های‌این پژوهش می‌توان از واقعیت درمانی گروهی مبتنی بر تئوری انتخاب، برای کاهش اضطراب اجتماعی در مبتلایان به ‌این اختلال استفاده نمود.

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