اثر خشنودی از درآمد بر قصد ترک شغل: نقش واسطه‌ای خشنودی شغلی، تعهد سازمانی و انگیزش شغلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 دانشیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 استادیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز (نویسنده مسئول)

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر ابعاد چهارگانه خشنودی از درآمد بر قصد ترک شغل با میانجی‌گری خشنودی شغلی، تعهد سازمانی، و انگیزش شغلی انجام گرفت. نمونه پژوهش حاضر شامل نفر (260 مرد و 13 زن) با میانگین سنی 44 سال بودند که به روش تصادفی طبقه‌ای از میان کارکنان شرکت ملی مناطق نفت‌خیز جنوب-منطقه اهواز انتخاب شدند. شرکت‌کنندگان در این پژوهش پرسشنامه‌های خشنودی از درآمد، قصد ترک شغل، خشنودی شغلی کلی، تعهد سازمانی و انگیزش شغلی را تکمیل نمودند. ارزیابی الگوی پیشنهادی از طریق الگویابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) و با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای SPSS ویراست 18 و AMOS ویراست 18 انجام شد. جهت آزمودن اثرهای واسطه‌ای نیز روش بوت استراپ مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. یافته‌ها نشان دادند که الگوی پیشنهادی از برازش نسبتاً خوبی با داده‌ها برخوردار است. برازش بهتر از طریق حذف مسیرهای غیرمعنی‌دار (خشنودی از افزایش حقوق به قصد ترک شغل، خشنودی از مزایا به قصد ترک شغل، و خشنودی از افزایش حقوق به تعهد سازمانی) و همبسته کردن خطاهای دو مسیر حاصل شد. همچنین، اثرهای منفی غیرمستقیم ابعاد چهارگانه خشنودی از درآمد بر قصد ترک شغل از طریق سه متغیر میانجی حمایت دریافت نمودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


فارسی

ارشدی، نسرین (1386). طراحی و آزمودن الگویی از پیشایندها و پیامدهای انگیزش شغلی در کارکنان شرکت ملی مناطق نفت‌خیز جنوب- منطقه اهواز. پایان نامه دکترای روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز.

 

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