ارتباط مستقیم و غیرمستقیم خودکارآمدی تحصیلی با افسردگی نوجوانان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشکده خانواده دانشگاه شهید بهشتی (نویسنده مسئول)

2 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط مستقیم خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و ارتباط غیرمستقیم آن (از طریق طرد همسالان و موفقیت تحصیلی) با افسردگی نوجوانان انجام شده است. آزمونی‌های پژوهش شامل 946 نفر (471 دختر و 475 پسر) از دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه شهر تهران می‌باشند که با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شده‌اند. ابزار گردآوری عبارتند از: پرسشنامه خودکارآمدی کودکان و نوجوانان (SEQ-C؛ موریس، 2001)، سیاهه افسردگی کودک (CDI)، پرسشنامه طرد همسالان و موفقیت تحصیلی. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم افزار لیزرل و روش تحلیل مسیر استفاده شده است. یافته‌ها نشان داد که مدل پیشنهادی از نیکویی برازش نسبتاً خوبی برخوردار است. نتایج نشان داد که مسیر مستقیم خودکارآمدی و همچنین مسیر غیرمستقیم آن از طریق طرد همسالان در افسردگی نوجوانان معنی‌دار است. خودکارآمدی تحصیلی همچنین بر موفقیت تحصیلی نوجوانان تأثیر مستقیم دارد اما مسیر غیرمستقیم آن بر افسردگی از طریق موفقیت تحصیلی معنی‌دار نمی‌باشد. استلزام‌های بالینی برای پیشگیری و درمان افسردگی نوجوانان مورد بحث قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


فارسی

طهماسیان، کارینه (1384). مدلیابی خوداثرمندی در افسردگی نوجوانان ایرانی بر مبنای مدل عاملیتی بندورا از افسردگی. رساله دکتری روان‌شناسی بالینی. دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی.

 

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