نقش میانجی اضطراب و اجتناب شناختی در رابطه بین کمال‌گرایی منفی و اهمال‌کاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

کمالگرایی به عنوان یک ویژگی شخصیتی
پایدار جنبه
های
مختلف زندگی انسان را به
طور پیچیدهای تحت تأثیر قرار میدهد. مطالعات مختلف نشان میدهد افراد کمالگرا برای کاهش اضطراب خود دچار
اهمال
کاری
می
شوند.
هدف از مطالعه حاضر بررسی نقش واسطه
ای اجتناب شناختی و اضطراب به عنوان مؤلفههای شناختی در رابطه بین کمالگرایی و اهمالکاری است. بدین منظور نمونهای شامل 278 دانشجو (160 نفر زن
و 118 نفرمرد ) با میانگین سنی 4/25 و انحراف معیار 50/5 در مقطع کارشناسی،
کارشناسی ارشد و دکتری از پنج دانشگاه دولتی به روش نمونه
گیری خوشهای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شد.
برای جمع
آوری
داده
ها
دانشجویان به مقیاس کمال
گرایی فراست، مقیاس اهمالکاری سولومون و راثبلوم، مقیاس
افسردگی، اضطراب، استرس و مقیاس اجتناب شناختی پاسخ دادند. به منظور تحلیل
داده
ها از
مدل
یابی
معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد روابط علّی معنی
دار و مثبت بین کمالگرایی، اضطراب و اهمالکاری وجود دارد و نقش میانجی
اجتناب شناختی به
‌‌طور غیرمستقیم از طریق اضطراب در رابطه بین کمالگرایی و اهمالکاری تأیید شد. بنابراین اجتناب
شناختی زمانی که باعث افزایش اضطراب در افراد کمال
گرا میشود، اهمالکاری و تعللورزی بیشتری را به دنبال دارد.

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