اثربخشی ماتریکس درمان پذیرش و تعهد با شفقت بر رفتارهای خودآسیب رسان و کیفیت زندگی دانش آموزان دارای علائم اختلال شخصیت مرزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری و مربی حق التدریس دانشگاه شهیدچمران اهواز

2 عضو هیات علمی

3 دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر جهت تعیین اثربخشی ماتریکس درمان پذیرش و تعهد با شفقت بر رفتارهای خودآسیب‌رسان و کیفیت زندگی دانش‌آموزان دارای علائم اختلال شخصیت مرزی انجام گردید. این مطالعه از نوع آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش تصادفی چندمرحله‌ای 30 نفر از دانش‌آموزان دختر 17-15 سال (مقطع متوسطه دوم) شهر اهواز انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در گروه آزمایشی و گروه کنترل (15 نفر در هر گروه) قرار گرفتند. دانش‌آموزان عضو گروه آزمایشی یک دوره مداخله 16 جلسه‌ای (هر هفته یک جلسه، به مدت 1 ساعت) دریافت کردند و اعضای گروه کنترل نیز در انتظار مداخله قرار گرفتند. آزمودنی‌های هر دو گروه قبل از شروع مداخله، در پایان دوره، و دو ماه پس از پایان دوره (در مرحله‌ی پیگیری)، به پرسشنامه‌ رفتار خودآسیب‌رسان کلونسکی و گلن و شاخص کیفیت زندگی کامینز پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که ماتریکس درمان پذیرش و تعهد با شفقت باعث کاهش علائم رفتارهای خودآسیب رسان (05/64= F و 001/0p<) و ارتقای کیفیت زندگی (76/41 = Fو 001/0p<) دانش‌آموزان گروه آزمایشی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل‌شده است و نتایج درمانی 2 ماه پس از پایان دوره در گروه آزمایشی حفظ ‌شده است (01/0p<). این مداخله می‌تواند در کاهش رفتارهای خودآسیب رسان و ارتقای کیفیت زندگی دانش‌آموزان دارای علائم اختلال شخصیت مرزی مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

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