کاربست تِئوری انتخاب بر افکار خودآیند منفی، آسیب عمدی و کیفیت زندگی افراد مبتلا به افسردگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تعیین میزان تأثیر کاربست تِئوری انتخاب بر افکارخودآیند منفی، آسیب عمدی و کیفیت زندگی افراد مبتلا به افسردگی مراجعه کننده به کلینیک‌های درمانی شهر اهواز بود. نمونه پژوهش شامل 30 نفر از جامعه مذکور بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب و به دو گروه آزمایشی (15 نفر) و گروه گواه (15 نفر) تقسیم شدند. روش پژوهش آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه گواه بود. ابزارهای پژوهش، پرسشنامه افکار خودآیند کندال و هولون، مقیاس سنجس افکار خودکشی بک و پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی سازمان جهانی بهداشت بود. مداخله تِئوری انتخاب در 8 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای، روی گروه آزمایشی اجرا گردید و پس از پایان مداخله از هر دو گروه پس آزمون گرفته شد، و پیگیری پس از یک ماه به عمل آمد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیره (مانکوا) و تک متغیره (آنکوا) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد، تِئوری انتخاب باعث کاهش افکار خودآیند منفی، آسیب عمدی و افزایش کیفیت زندگی افراد مبتلا به افسردگی گروه آزمایشی شد. این نتایج بعد از یک ماه نیز پایدار بود.

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