اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی بر سلامت روانی، نشخوار ذهنی و احساس تنهایی زنان مطلقه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی بر سلامت روانی، نشخوار فکری و احساس تنهایی اجتماعی و عاطفی زنان مطلقه انجام شد. روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری، تمامی زنان مطلقه مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره شهر ساری در سال 1396 بود. نمونه آماری تعداد 40 نفر (گروه آزمایشی 20 نفر و گروه کنترل 20 نفر) بود که به صورت نمونه‌گیری غیرتصادفی در دسترس انتخاب گردید. در این پژوهش از سه پرسشنامه، مقیاس احساس تنهایی اجتماعی و عاطفی بزرگسالان، پرسشنامه سلامت عمومی و مقیاس نشخوار فکری نولن هوکسما و مارو و پروتکل طرحواره درمانی استفاده شد. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیره نشان داد که طرحواره درمانی به طور معنی‌داری باعث ارتقای سلامت روانی و کاهش نشخوارفکری و احساس تنهایی اجتماعی و عاطفی زنان مطلقه شد. با توجه به این یافته‌ها، مشاوران و درمانگران می‌توانند جهت بازتوانی زنان پس از طلاق در جهت افزایش سلامت روانی، کاهش نشخوارفکری و روابط اجتماعی تسهیل یافته‌تر از قواعد طرحواره درمانی استفاده نمایند.

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