اثربخشی شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر خستگی، اضطراب و افسردگی کارکنان دارای سندرم خستگی مزمن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 ،داگروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگات)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر خستگی، اضطراب و افسردگی کارکنان دارای سندرم خستگی مزمن دانشگاه آزاد اصفهان (خوراسگان) به مرحله اجرا در آمد. روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری را کلیه کارکنان دانشگاه آزاد اصفهان(خوراسگان) در سال 1394 شامل می‌شد. بدین منظور 200 نفر از کارکنان براساس جدول کوهن و همکاران، که دارای معیارهای ورود به پژوهش بودند به شیوه تصادفی ساده، انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه های علائم دوپال (جیسون و همکاران) و کیفیت زندگی (وار و شربن) پاسخ دادند، سپس 28 نفر که تشخیص سندرم خستگی مزمن را دریافت نمودند به طور تصادفی در گروه آزمایشی و گروه کنترل جایگزین شدند (هر گروه 14 نفر). آزمودنی ها قبل و بعد از مداخله و 1 ماه بعد، در مرحله پیگیری به ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه‌های خستگی(چالدر)، اضطراب و افسردگی بیمارستانی (زیگموند و اسنیث) پاسخ دادند. آزمودنی‌های گروه آزمایش به مدت 8 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای تحت شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی قرار گرفتند اما بر گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله ای صورت نگرفت. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها حاکی از کاهش میانگین خستگی، اضطراب وافسردگی در گروه آزمایشی نسبت به گروه کنترل، در مراحل پس آزمون و پیگیری بود(05/0p≤). بنابر یافته‌های پژوهش، می‌توان برای کاهش خستگی، اضطراب و افسردگی در کارکنان مبتلا به سندرم خستگی مزمن، از شناخت درمانی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی سود جست.

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