اثربخشی همزمان کیفیت بخشی زندگی کاری و غنی سازی زندگی زناشویی بر تعارضات زناشویی و بی ثباتی زناشویی در بین زوج های شاغل با توجه به نقش سرریزشدگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

با تغییر جوامع بشری، زنان نیز وارد عرصه اشتغال شده اند و خانواده های بسیاری وجود دارند که هر دو زوج شاغل می باشند. مسایل و مشکلات خانواده و کار، بخصوص در بین زوجین دوسر شاغل می تواند به یکدیگر انتقال پیدا نمایند و سبب افزایش تعارض ها و بی ثباتی زناشویی گردد. بدین منظور تحقیق حاضر در پی بررسی آموزش همزمان کیفیت بخشی زندگی کاری و غنی سازی زندگی زناشویی بر تعارضات زناشویی و بی ثباتی زناشویی در بین زوج های شاغل با توجه به نقش سرریزشدگی بود. بدین منظور 80 نفر (40 زوج) از زوجین دوسر شاغل با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای چند مرحله ای انتخاب شدند و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش کیفیت بخشی زندگی کاری و آموزش غنی سازی زندگی زناشویی را دریافت کردند. ابزار اندازه گیری پرسشنامه تعارضات زناشویی(Sanaei,Homan, alaghemand, 2008) و شاخص بی ثباتی ازدواج(Edwards, Johnson, & Booth, 1987) بود. نتایج نشان می دهد که آموزش همزمان توانسته است سبب کاهش تعارضات زناشویی(01/0, p< 74/17F= ) و بی ثباتی ازدواج (01/0, p< 82/121F= ) می گردد. بنابراین، آموزش همزمان کیفیت بخشی زندگی کاری و غنی سازی زندگی زناشویی از سرریز شدن مشکلات کاری و خانوادگی به یکدیگر پیش گیری می نماید. همچنین با بهبود روابط در خانواده و کار، به یکدیگر نیز سرایت پیدا می کنند و در نتیجه تعارضات و بی ثباتی زناشویی را کاهش می دهند.

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