رابطه سرمایه‏‏ های تحولی خانواده، مدرسه و سایرین با بهزیستی روان شناختی: نقش واسطه ای امید

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران

2 هیات علمی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش واسطه‌ای امید در رابطه سرمایه‌های تحولی خانواده، مدرسه و سایرین با بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان است. جامعه آماری، دانش‌آموزان دبیرستان‌های دولتی شهر همدان بودند که نمونه شامل 410 نفر (222 دختر و 188 پسر) به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس‌های سرمایه‌های تحولی، امید و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی پاسخ دادند. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که سرمایه‌های تحولی خانواده و مدرسه به طور مستقیم با امید ارتباط دارند و سرمایه‌های تحولی خانواده و امید نیز به طور مستقیم با بهزیستی روان-شناختی رابطه دارند. سرمایه‌های تحولی خانواده و مدرسه با واسطه امید بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی اثر غیرمستقیم و مثبت دارد، اما اثر سرمایه‌های تحولی سایرین بر امید و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی معنی‌دار نبود. مقایسه مدل پیشنهادی پژوهش به طور کلی برای دو گروه دختر و پسر تفاوت قابل توجهی نداشت. با توجه به یافته‌ها می‌توان گفت که امید نقش واسطه‌ای در رابطه بین سرمایه‌های تحولی خانواده و مدرسه با بهزیستی روان‌شناختی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


References

Ahmadi, A. (2010). Contemporary Family Developments in Tehran. Tehran: City Publishing. [Persian]

Alvarado, M. (2009). The Confluence of Developmental Assets, Ethnic Identity, and Acculturative Stress on Thriving of a Predominately Hispanic Adolescent Population. Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A and M University.

Baily, T. C., & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Satisfaction with life and hope: A look at age and marital status. Journal of Psychological Record, 57 (2), 233-240.

Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Hamilton, S. F., & Sesma, A. (2007). Positive Youth Development: Theory, Research, and Applications. Wiley Online Library.

Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C. & Syvertsen, A. K. (2011). The Contribution of the developmental assets framework to positive youth development theory and practice. Advances in Child Developmental and Behavior, 41, 197-230.

Bowers, E. P., Geldholf, G. J., Schmid, K. L., Minor, K., & Lerner, J. V. (2012). Relationships with important nonparental adults and positive development: An examination of youth self- regulatory strengths as mediators. Reseach in Human Development, 9, 293-316.

Caboral, M. F., & Evangelista, L. S. (2012). Hope in elderly adults with chronic heart failure. Concept analysis.  Investigacion & Educacion en Enfermeria. 30 (3), 406-411.

Chow HP. (2007). Psychological Well-being and Scholastic Achievement Among University Students in a Canadian Prairie City. PsychologicalEducation, 10, 438-493.

Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Kashdan, T., Heaven, P.C.L, & Bakus E. (2015). Hope and emotional well-being: A six-year study to distinguish antecedents, correlates, and consequences. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2 (3), 1-13.

Debnam, K. J., Lindstrom Johnson, S., Wasdorp, T. A., & Bradshaw, C. (2014). Equity, connection and engagement in the school context of promote positive youth development. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24 (3), 447-459.

Dierendonck, D. (2005). The construct validity of Ryff’ Scales of Psychological Well-being and its Extension with Spiritual Well –being. Personality and Individual Differences. 36, 629 − 643 .

Golestaneh, M., Soleimani, L., & Dhghni, Y. (2017). Relationship between developmental assets and academic achievement mediating role of psychological capital. Journal of Psychology Achievement, 24 (1), 127-150. [Persian]

Golparvar, M., & Abedini, H. (2014). The relationship between spirituality and meaning at work and the job happiness and psychological well-being: A spritualaffective approach to the psychological well-being. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 3 (3), 160-175.

Grewal, P. K., & Porter, J. (2007). Hope Theory: A Framework for Understanding Death Studies. Washington, 31 (2), 131-154.

Hanson, T. L., Austin, G., & Lee-Bayha, J. (2003). Student Health risks, Resilience, and Academic Performance: Year 1 report. Los Alamitos, CA: WestEd. Health and Human Development Program.

Honora, P.A. (2008). Future Time Perspective Hope and Ethnic Identity among African American Adolescents, Urban Education, 43 (3), 347-360.

Jackson, C. (2010). A Study of the Relationship between the Developmental Assets Framework and the Academic Success of At-risk Elementary to Middle School Transitioning Students. Ph. D. Dissertation, Dellas Baptist University.

Lefcourt, H. (2002). Humor. In C.R. Snyder, & S.J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of Positive psychology. New York: Oxford University press.

Liasko,E., & Mackyer, J. (2005). Relationships Among Developmental Assets,Age,Smoking Behaviors Among Youth. Indiana University.

Meyers, Lawrence S., Gamst & Guarino, G., & Guarino, A. J. (2006). Applied multivariate research: Design and interpretation. Translated by H., Pasha Sharifi, V., Farzad, S., Rezakhani, H. R., Hassan Abadi, B., Eizanloo, & M., Habbibi (2012). Tehran: Roshd. [Persian]

Moradi, N., Hajiyakhchali, A. R., & Morovati, Z. A. (2015). Investigating the causal relationship between time management and perceived social support with psychological well-being and academic performance. Journal of Psychology Achievement, 22 (1), 209-226. [Persian]

Movahedi, Y., Babakheiredin, J., & Movahedi, M. (2014). The effectiveness of group therapy based on hope therapy approach on increasing hope and psychological well-being of students. School Psychology, 3 (1), 116-130. [Persian]

Roth, J. L., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2003). What exactly is a youth development program? Answers from research and practicr. Applied Developmental Science, 7 (2), 94-111.

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Personality and Social Psych, 57, 1069–1081.

Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (2006). Psychological Well-being meaning measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 65, 14-23.

Saboui Khosroshahi, H. (2010). Studying Differences Between the Living Network of Children and Parents. PhD thesis of sociology, Tehran University. [Persian]

Scales, P., & Taccogna, J. (2007). Developmental assets for success in school and life. Journal of Education Digest, 6, 34- 66.

Schrank, B., Stanghellini, G. & Slade, M. (2008). Hope in Psychiatry: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 118 (22), 421–433.

Seidi Sarooei, M., Farahmand, S., Amini, M., & Hosseini, M. (2013). Relationship of family communication patterns and personality traits with psychological well-being with resilience mediation. Psychological Methods and Models, 3 (11), 17-38. [Persian]

Sharif Mosavi, F. (2014). Developmental assets and educational engagement: mediator role of education resilient. Master’s tesis, Tehran University. [Persian]

Snyder, C. R. (2000). Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. USA: Academicpress.

Snyder, C. R., & Tsukasca, K. (2005). The Relationship Between Hope and Subjective Wellbeing: Reliability and Validity of the Dispositional Hope Scale, Japanese Version. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 76 (3), 227-234.

Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., Yoshinobu, L., Gibb, J., Langelle, C., & Harney, P. (1991). The Will and the Ways: Development and Validation of an Individual-differences Measure of Hope. Journal personality social psychology, 60(4), 570-585.

Sobhani, A. (2013). The relationship between information processing styles and hope: the role of the mediator of identity processing styles. Master’s tesis, Tehran University. [Persian]

Van Leuven, M. C., Post, W. M., Van Aback, W. F., Vander Worde, H. V., Groote, S., & Lindeman, E. (2010). Social support and life satisfaction in spinal code injury during and up to one year after inpatient rehabilitation. Journal of Psychology, 3, 265- 271.

Weissberg, R. P., & O’Brien, M. U. (2004). What works in school-based social and emotional learning programs for positive youth development. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591, 86–97.

Werner, S. (2012). Subjective well-being, hope, and needs of individuals with serious mental illness. Journal of Psychiatry Research, 14 (2),1-6.

Winefield, R. H., Gill, K. T., Taylor, W. A., & Pilkington, M. A. (2012). Psychological well-being and psychological distress: is it necessary to measure both psychology of well-being. Research and Practice, 5, 15-27.

Yamaoka, K. (2008). Social Capital and Health and Well-being in East Asia: A Population-Based Study. Journal Social Science & Medicine. 66 (4), 885-99.