اثر بخشی قصه درمانی شناختی-رفتاری بر علایم افسردگی و افسرده خویی کودکان دبستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 2. *نویسنده مسئول: استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران، ایمیل f_shahabizadeh@yahoo.com تلفن 09153319855

2 1. کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی. دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی قصه درمانی شناختی- رفتاری بر علایم افسردگی و افسرده خویی کودکان دبستانی انجام شد. طرح پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه آزمایشی پیش آزمون - پس آزمون با گروه گواه بود، بدین منظور 26 دانش آموز با نشانگان افسرده خویی و علایم افسردگی به شیوه دردسترس از بین دانش آموزان دختر پایه سوم و چهارم ابتدایی دارای اختلال افسردگی شهر یزد در سال تحصیلی 93 - 94 انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در 2 گروه آزمایشی و گواه قرار گرفتند. ابزار مورد استفاده پرسشنامه علایم مرضی کودکان(csi-4)، فرم والدین بود. مداخلات مربوط به قصه درمانی بر روی گروه آزمایش به مدت 12 جلسه 45 دقیقه ای انجام و داده های بدست آمده با روش آماری تحلیل کواریانس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج تحلیل کواریانس اثر بخشی قصه درمانی شناختی رفتاری بر کاهش علایم افسردگی و افسرده خویی را معنادار نشان داد، بنابراین قصه درمانی با رویکرد شناختی رفتاری می تواند کاهش دهنده اختلالات خلقی کودکان سنین ابتدایی باشد.

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