اثربخشی آموزش مهارتهای خودتعیین گری بر نیازهای روانشناختی بنیادی دانش آموزان با مشکلات رفتاری برونی سازی شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی و اموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان ایران

3 گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

4 گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مهارتهای خودتعیین گری بر نیازهای روانشناختی بنیادی دانش آموزان با مشکلات رفتاری برونی سازی شده بود. روش پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی بود و در اجرای آن از طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه کنترل استفاده شد. جهت دستیابی به اهداف پژوهش ، 30 نفر از دانش آموزانی که نمره بالا را در فهرست رفتاری کودک (CBCL) بدست آورده بودند انتخاب شدند و به تصادف در دو گروه آزمایش(15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) قرار گرفتند. دانش آموزان گروه آزمایش در 10 جلسه یک ساعت و نیمه ( 1 جلسه در هر هفته) در برنامه مداخله ای مهارتهای خودتعیین گری شرکت و گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله ای دریافت نکردند. مقیاس نیازهای روانشناختی بنیادی قبل و بعد از مداخله برای شرکت کنندگان اجرا گردید. داده ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغییری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش مهارتهای خودتعیین گری اثر مثبتی بر نیاز به خودمختاری، ارتباط و شایستگی دانش آموزان دارد. بطور کلی یافته های پژوهش از نظریه خودتعیین گری حمایت کردند و نشان دادند که آموزش مهارتهای خودتعیین گری اثر مثبتی بر برآورده شدن نیازهای روانشناختی بنیادی دانش آموزان دارند.

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