بررسی نقش ویژگی های شخصیتی زوجین در تحلیل تشخیصی احتمال بروز طلاق

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی،دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

2 استادیار دانشگاه بوعلی سینا - - همدان. دانشگاه بوعلی سینا - دانشکده ادبیات

10.22055/psy.2019.28432.2271

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تدوین معادله ممیز (تشخیصی) طلاق بر اساس ویژگی های شخصیتی زوجین بود. جامعه پژوهش را زوجین متقاضی طلاق و زوجین عادی استان همدان در سال 1396 تشکیل دادند. از دو گروه در مجموع 398 زوج ( 796 نفر) به عنوان نمونه به روش تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. برای جمع آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه 60 سوالی هگزاکو (2004) استفاده شد. به منظور تدوین مدل ممیز (تشخیصی) برای گروهها از تحلیل ممیز استفاده گردید. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش از مجموع دوازده ویژگی شخصیتی (شش ویژگی در مردان و شش ویژگی در زنان) ویژگی‌های هیجان‌خواهی زن، برونگرایی‌ زن، سازگاری زن، سازگاری مرد، وجدانی بودن مرد و گشودگی به تجربه زن توانایی لازم برای ایجاد تمایز میان دو گروه طلاق و عادی را دارا هستند. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، متغیرهای هیجان خواهی زن، برونگرایی زن، سازگاری زن، سازگاری مرد در معادله تشخیصی نهایی وارد. .همچنین ضریب همبستگی کانونی میان ویژگی های شخصیتی زوجین و طلاق 414/0 بدست آمد.

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