اثربخشی برنامه همکاری خانه و مدرسه بر مشکلات رفتاری دانش‌آموزان.

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روا‌ن‌شناسی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

4 استادیار گروه مددکاری اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی برنامه همکاری خانه و مدرسه بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری دانش‌آموزان پایه اول ابتدایی شهر اهواز بود. این پژوهش از نوع آزمایشی با پیش آزمون، پس آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل بود. نخست به‌طور تصادفی از 4 ناحیه، 2 ناحیه انتخاب گردید؛ سپس از مدارس هر ناحیه 4 مدرسه (دو مدرسه دخترانه و دو مدرسه پسرانه) و از هر مدرسه یک کلاس و از هر کلاس به تصادف 10 نفر انتخاب شدند. در نهایت 80 نفر از دانش‌آموز با توجه به دو ملاک در دو گروه آزمایشی (20 دختر و 20 پسر) و دو گروه کنترل (20 دختر و 20 پسر) به‌عنوان نمونه نهایی انتخاب و به همراه خانواده در مداخله شرکت کردند. دانش‌آموزان به همراه اعضای خانواده در مداخله گروه آموزشی برنامه همکاری خانه و مدرسه به مدت 8 جلسه 150 دقیقه‌ای به مدت دو ماه شرکت نمودند. در این مطالعه از پرسشنامه‌های دموگرافیک و مشکلات رفتاری کودکان گودمن استفاده شد. کاربندی آزمایشی به مدت دو ماه اجرا شد و دو ماه بعد از پس آزمون، آزمون پیگیری گرفته شد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل‌ داده‌ها نشان داد که برنامه همکاری خانه و مدرسه در کاهش مشکلات رفتاری دانش‌آموزان مؤثر بوده است. همچنین، کاهش مشکلات رفتاری دانش‌آموزان در مرحله پیگیری تداوم داشته است.

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