اثربخشی درمان شناختی- رفتاری بر شناخت اجتماعی نوجوانان دارای اختلال انفجاری متناوب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

2 دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلال انفجاری متناوب، در بافت اجتماعی و در پاسخ به محرک های اجتماعی ظاهر می شود. احتمالا، پردازش محرک های اجتماعی و پاسخ به آنها در بافت های اجتماعی مختلف، در این اختلال نقشی مهمی داشته و بر بروز نشانه های آن تاثیرگذار باشد. بنابراین، هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر شناخت اجتماعی در نوجوانان دارای اختلال انفجاری متناوب است.
روش: پژوهش حاضر، ازنوع آزمایش میدانی با طرح پیش آزمون – پس آزمون است. تعداد 38 نفر دانش آموز دارای اختلال انفجاری متناوب با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گمارش شدند. دو گروه در ابتدا و انتهای پژوهش، به پرسشنامه غربالگری اختلال انفجاری متناوب و داستان های اجتماعی پاسخ دادند. گروه آزمایش طی 10 جلسه، هر هفته یک جلسه، تحت مداخله درمان رفتارشناختی قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: نتایج تحلیل آنکووا نشان داد درمان رفتارشناختی بر بهبود شناخت اجتماعی و کاهش نشانه های اختلال انفجاری متناوب اثربخش بوده است. درمان رفتارشناختی بر بهبود مراحل‌ رمزگردانی سرنخ ها، بازنمایی و تفسیر اطلاعات، و گزینش پاسخ اثربخش بوده است. اما بر مراحل روشن کردن اهداف و جستجوی پاسخ های ممکن، تاثیری دیده نشد.
نتیجه گیری: به نظر می رسد با استفاده از تدابیر درمان شناختی-رفتاری و تعمیم آن به بافت‌های اجتماعی مختلف، بتوان شناخت اجتماعی افراد دارای اختلال انفجاری متناوب را بهبود بخشید که به عنوان ظرفیتی مهاری، برای جلوگیری از بروز نشانه های این اختلال در بافت های اجتماعی عمل کند.

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