مقایسه احساس تنهایی و خودکارآمدی مقابله‌ای در دانشجویان زن وابسته به گوشی همراه و عادی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران

2 مشاور دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

مقایسه احساس تنهایی و خودکارآمدی مقابله‌ای در دانشجویان زن وابسته به گوشی همراه و عادی

چکیده:

هدف این پژوهش مقایسه‌ دانشجویان وابسته به گوشی همراه و عادی از لحاظ احساس تنهایی و خودکارآمدی مقابله‌ای بود که با طرح علی-مقایسه‌ای صورت گرفت. جامعه‌ پژوهش همه دانشجویان دختر کارشناسی دانشگاه زنجان در سال 1397- 1396بودند، که به روش تصادفی چند مرحله ای، نمونه‌ای‌ شامل 70 نفر دانشجوی وابسته به گوشی همراه و عادی (35 نفر وابسته به گوشی همراه و 35 نفر عادی) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع آوری داده‌ها، از مقیاس اعتیاد به گوشی همراه کوهی، پرسشنامه احساس تنهایی راسل، و پرسشنامه خودکارامدی مقابله ای چسنی و همکاران استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل واریانس چند راهه (MANOVA) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که احساس تنهایی و خودکارامدی مقابله‌ای در دانشجویان وابسته به گوشی همراه به ترتیب بیشتر و کمتر از دانشجویان عادی است. شاخص F در احساس تنهایی 45/18 و در خودکارآمدی مقابله‌ای 64/31 به دست آمد. به‌طور کلی، بین دانشجویان وابسته به گوشی همراه و عادی از لحاظ احساس تنهایی و خودکارامدی مقابله‌ای تفاوت معنی داری ( 01/0>p) وجود دارد.

کلید واژه ها: احساس تنهایی، خودکارامدی مقابله ای، دانشجوی وابسته به گوشی همراه.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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