تاثیر درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر اضطراب‌اجتماعی و تصور بدنی در زنان مبتلا به چاقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر، همدان

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر همدان

3 گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه ملایر

10.22055/psy.2019.26448.2125

چکیده

زنان مبتلا به چاقی در معرض مشکلات روانشناختی زیادی قرار دارند. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر اضطراب‌اجتماعی و تصویر بدنی زنان مبتلا به چاقی بود. این پژوهش به روش ‌نیمه‌آزمایشی (پیش‌آزمون-پس-آزمون با گروه گواه) بود. دراین پژوهش، همه زنان مبتلا به چاقی ( 106 زن) به صورت سر‌شماری مورد ارزیابی روانشناختی قرار گرفتند. از میان آنها 48 نفر دارای نشانه‌های اضطراب‌اجتماعی و تصویر بدنی نامطلوب بودند که از میان آنها 30 نفر به طور تصادفی در دو گروه مداخله و کنترل جایگزین شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها در پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون از پرسشنامه های اضطراب‌اجتماعی و روابط چندبعدی بدن- خود استفاده شد. برای گروه آزمایش 8 جلسه‌ درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد آموزش داده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس چندمتغیری (مانکوا) تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر کاهش اضطراب‌اجتماعی و بهبود تصویر بدنی در زنان چاق اثرگذار بوده است (01/0>p). براساس یافته ها استفاده از درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد برای بهبود اضطراب اجتماعی و تصویر بدنی نامطلوب در زنان مبتلا به چاقی پیشنهاد می‌شود.

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