اثربخشی واقعیت درمانی گروهی بر خود-پنداره تحصیلی دانش آموزان مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 استادیار / دانشگاه مازندران

3 دانشگاه مازندران

10.22055/psy.2019.24759.1990

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی واقعیت درمانی گروهی بر خود-پنداره تحصیلی دانش آموزان مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص بود. این مطالعه در چارچوب طرح نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون-پس آزمون-پیگیری با گروه گواه انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل دانش آموزان دختر پایه پنجم ابتدایی شهرستان بابلسر در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 بود. تعداد 30 نفر دانش آموز مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص با اجرای آزمون مشکلات یادگیری کلورادو و در نظر گرفتن نمره ی بهره ی هوشی از طریق روش نمونه گیری آسان انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری آزمایش و گواه گمارش شدند. گروه آزمایش طی 8 جلسه تحت واقعیت درمانی گروهی قرار گرفت. ابزارهای پژوهش عبارت بودند از پرسشنامه مشکلات یادگیری کلورادو (CLDQ)، نسخه دوم آزمون هوشی وکسلر برای کودکان و سیاهه خود-پنداره تحصیلی. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از طریق تحلیل واریانس آمیخته و با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS-22 انجام شد. یافته های حاصل از آزمون فرضیه ها نشان داد که واقعیت درمانی گروهی منجر به افزایش معنی دار نمرات مؤلفه های خود-پنداره تحصیلی در مراحل پس آزمون و پیگیری، در گروه آزمایشی نسبت به گروه گواه گردید (05/0 < p). بر اساس یافته های پژوهش حاضر، توصیه می گردد واقعیت درمانی گروهی به منظور پیشگیری از آسیب های تحصیلی دانش آموزان مبتلا به اختلال یادگیری خاص، مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

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