رابطه شرم، خود دلسوزی و عدم تحمل بلاتکلیفی با نگرش‌های خوردن دانش آموزان دختر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد بیرجند

2 کارشناس ارشد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بیرجند، خراسان جنوبی، ایران

3 ستادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بیرجند، خراسان جنوبی، ایران

چکیده

یافته‌های پژوهشی نشان می‌دهد دختران نوجوان برای ابتلا به شکل‌های متنوع رفتارهای خوردن مستعدند زیرا آن‌ها به چالش‌های مربوط به‌اندازه، شکل و ظاهر فیزیکی حساس هستند. این پژوهش باهدف بررسی نقش شرم، خود دلسوزی و عدم تحمل بلاتکلیفی در آسیب‌شناسی نگرش‌های خوردن دانش آموزان دختر انجام شد. این پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود و جامعه آماری آن را کلیه دانش آموزان دختر سال سوم مقطع متوسطه شهر بیرجند در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 تشکیل داد. با توجه به حجم جامعه و بر مبنای استفاده از جدول کرجسی/مورگان حجم نمونه 259 برآورد شد. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از مقیاس شرم از تصویر بدنی دیورت و همکاران (2015)، مقیاس شرم از دیگران متیوس و همکاران (2015)، مقیاس خود دلسوزی رایس و همکاران (2011)، مقیاس تحمل‌ناپذیری بلاتکلیفی کارلتون و همکاران (2007) و پرسشنامه نگرش‌های خوردن گارنر و همکاران (1979) استفاده گردید. برای بررسی فرضیه‌های پژوهش تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه بکار رفت. تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که شرم از تصویر بدنی، خوددلسوزی سازگارانه و شرم از دیگران در پیش‌بینی نگرش‌های خوردن نقش دارند و روی‌هم 32 درصد از واریانس این نگرش‌ها را تبیین کردند، اما خوددلسوزی ناسازگارانه و عدم تحمل بلاتکلیفی در تبیین این ارتباط نقشی نداشت. این یافته‌ها بر نقش تسهیل‌کننده توانایی‌های خود دلسوزی و اثرات بیماری‌زای شرم از تصویر بدنی و شرم از دیگران در نگرش‌های خوردن دانش آموزان تأکید دارد.

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