اثر بخشی مداخله گروهی مبتنی بر برنامه پیرز بر مشکلات رفتاری و اضطراب اجتماعی در نوجوانان با اختلال اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

مدرس مدعو دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه یزد، ایران

10.22055/psy.2020.31843.2456

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثر بخشی مداخله گروهی مبتنی بر برنامه پیرز بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری و اضطراب اجتماعی در نوجوانان با اختلال اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا بود. این پژوهش با استفاده از روش تک آزمودنی و طرحA-B-A انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل دانش آموزان مبتلا به اختلال طیف اوتیسم شهر یزد در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 بودند. با استفاده از نمونه گیری هدفمند 4 دانش آموز پسر مبتلا به اختلال اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا انتخاب شدند. جلسات آموزشی بر اساس دستورالعمل مداخله گروهی برنامه پیرز در قالب 14 جلسه و هر جلسه به مدت 60 دقیقه برگزار شد. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل دیداری داده ها، برنامه در زمینه بهبود مشکلات رفتاری و اضطراب اجتماعی برای هر چهار شرکت کننده موثر بوده است. به منظور پیگیری نتایج مداخله، یک ماه بعد از مداخله مقیاس سیستم ارزیابی رفتار کودکان (BASC-3) و پرسشنامه اضطراب اجتماعی(SAS-A) مجددا توسط مادران و نوجوانان تکمیل شد. بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش به نظر می رسد ماهیت گروهی برنامه مداخله، مشارکت مادران و ایجاد فرصت برای تعامل نوجوانان با یکدیگر، منجر به بهبود اضطراب اجتماعی شده است. همچنین برنامه پیرز توانسته است اثر مستقیم و مثبت بر مشکلات رفتاری داشته باشد. به طور کلی یافته های پژوهش حاضر از تاثیر مثبت برنامه آموزشی پیرز بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری و اضطراب اجتماعی پسران نوجوان با اختلال اوتیسم با عملکرد بالا حمایت می کند.

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