تحلیل پدیدارشناسانه عوامل موفقیت تحصیلی نابینایان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم تربیتی و مشاوره، دانشگاه بجنورد

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه علوم تربیتی و مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی عوامل موفقیت تحصیلی افراد دارای مشکل بینایی انجام شد. برای این منظور از رویکرد کیفی و روش پدیدارشناسی توصیفی استفاده شد. مشارکت کنندگان در این پژوهش تعداد 15 نفر از افراد دارای مشکل بینایی بودند که بخش اعظم زندگی خود را در نابینایی گذرانده و در سال تحصیلی 97-96، دانشجو یا فارغ التحصیل دوره دکتری بودند. این افراد به روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و با راهبرد گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند و به منظور جمع آوری داده ها، با آن‌ها مصاحبه عمیق نیمه ساختاریافته انجام گرفت. داده های جمع آوری شده با روش Colaizzi تحلیل شد و تعداد 248 کد اولیه استخراج شده از مصاحبه ها براساس شباهت معنایی، در 44 مفهوم جای گرفتند و سپس مفاهیم مرتبط با هم تحت عنوان 10 مقوله اصلی دسته بندی شدند که عبارتند از: حمایت های خانوادگی، استفاده از تحصیل برای رفع نیازها، جبران تجارب و احساسات ناخوشایند، نگرش ها و باورهای امیدبخش، دستاوردهای ضمنی تحصیل، بسترسازی محیط های آموزشی، ویژگی‌های مثبت شخصیتی، استعدادها و توانایی های شناختی، عوامل مثبت اجتماعی و هدف‌گذاری در جهت ارزش ها و علایق.

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