آزمون و طراحی الگوی رابطه علیّ شایستگی تحصیلی و خود شفقتی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی از طریق اهداف پیشرفت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر رابطه علیّ متغیرهای شایستگی تحصیلی و خودشفقتی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی از طریق اهداف پیشرفت بررسی شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر پایه دوم مقطع متوسطه آموزش و پرورش ناحیه یک شهر اهواز بود. از این جامعه تعداد 300 نفر به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. پژوهش حاضر توصیفی- همبستگی از نوع تحلیل مسیر است. داده‌های پژوهش با استفاده از مقیاس‌های شایستگی تحصیلی، خودشفقتی، ترس از شکست تحصیلی و اهداف پیشرفت جمع‌آوری گردید. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که پس از حذف برخی از روابط غیرمعنی‌دار مستقیم بین متغیرهای پژوهش، برازندگی مدل پیشنهادی تأیید شد. نتایج حاکی است که بین خودشفقتی و شایستگی تحصیلی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی همبستگی منفی، خودشفقتی با اهداف عملکردی و اجتنابی همبستگی منفی، خودشفقتی با هدف تبحری همبستگی مثبت، جهت‌گیری اجتنابی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی همبستگی مثبت و هدف تبحری و عملکردی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی همبستگی منفی دارد. نتایج تحلیل همچنین نشان داد روابط غیرمستقیم متغیر شایستگی تحصیلی با اهداف پیشرفت از طریق ترس از شکست تحصیلی غیرمعنی‌دار، اما رابطه غیرمستقیم خودشفقتی با ترس از شکست تحصیلی از طریق اهداف یاد شده معنی‌دار گردید. نتایج این مطالعه پیشنهاد می‌کند به‌منظور کاهش ترس از شکست تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان، شایسته است که مقوله شایستگی تحصیلی و خودشفقتی را در دانش‌آموزان تقویت نمود.

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