مقایسه اثربخشی روش توانبخشی شناختی با روش نوروفیدبک در دانش آموزان دارای اختلال کاستی توجه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکتری/دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 هیئت علمی/ دانشگاه شهید بهشتی،

3 هیئت علمی /دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

چکیده
هدف: اختلال بیش فعالی/کاستی توجه، فراون ترین اختلال دوران کودکی است این پژوهش با هدف مقایسه اثر بخشی دونوع درمان در انواع توجه دیداری است. روش پژوهش: یک مطالعه شبه آزمایشی دارای پیش آزمون –پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. نمونه مورد مطالعه از روش نمونه گیری در دسترس شامل مراجعه کننده به کلینیک های روانپزشکی شهرکرج و 50 دانش آموز دبستانی پسر دارای اختلال کاستی توجه انتخاب شدند این افراد به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه تقریبا مساوی شامل دوگروه آزمایش و یک گروه کنترل گمارده شدند. از هرسه گروه پیش آزمون با استفاده از تست IVA صورت گرفت. یکی از گروه های آزمایشی به مدت 14 جلسه مورد توانبخشی با ابزار محقق ساخته قرار گرفت. گروه آزمایش دیگر به مدت 18 جلسه تحت درمان با روش نوروفیدبک با پروتکل بتا قرار گرفتند. گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله ای دریافت نکردند. سپس هرسه گروه با استفاده از تست IVA مورد پس آزمون قرار گرفتند. نتایج با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS19 و روش تحلیل کوواریانس (MANCOVA) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری نشان داد که روش توانبخشی شناختی بر بهبود انواع توجه دیداری نسبت به روش نوروفیدبک در دانش آموزان دبستانی دارای اختلال کاستی توجه اثربخشی بهتری دارد.
نتیجه گیری: روش توانبخشی بکار گرفته شده بر انواع توجه دیداری در مقایسه با روش نوروفیدبک در دانش آموزان دبستانی دارای اختلال کاستی توجه اثربخشی بهتری دارد.

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