اثربخشی آموزش خود‌تنظیمی با تعامل شاخص توده بدنی بر کنترل وزن، کارکردهای اجرایی و تنظیم هیجان نوجوانان چاق و دارای اضافه‌وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکتری روان‌شناسی عمومی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه گیلان، گیلان، ایران

10.22055/psy.2020.32231.2480

چکیده

چکیده
با توجه به دشواری در تنظیم هیجان و کارکردهای اجرایی نوجوانان چاق استفاده از مداخلات روان‌شناختی جهت تنظیم هیجان و بهبود کارکردهای اجرایی نوجوانان چاق از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است. هدف این پژوهش اثربخشی آموزش خودتنظیمی بر کنترل وزن، کارکردهای اجرایی و تنظیم هیجان در نوجوانان چاق و دارای اضافه وزن بود. طرح پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه آزمایشی و با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل نوجوانان چاق و دارای اضافه وزن شهر اصفهان بود که در سال 1398 به مراکز بهداشت این شهرستان مراجعه نموده‌اند. روش نمونه‌گیری به صورت در دسترس از میان مراجعه‌کنندگان به مراکز سلامت شهر اصفهان انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه دشواری تنظیم هیجان گراتز و رومر (2004)، آزمون ویسکانسین و استروپ جهت سنجش کارکردهای اجرایی بودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شدند. نتایج تحلیل‌های پژوهش نشان داد که آموزش خودتنظیمی بر سطح توده بدنی، تنظیم هیجان و کارکردهای اجرایی شرکت‌کنندگان مؤثر بود، با این‌حال سطح توده بدنی آزمودنی‌ها به عنوان متغیر مستقل دوم در نتایج پژوهش دخیل نبود. آموزش مبتنی بر تنظیم رفتار بر شاخص توده بدنی، تنظیم هیجان و کارکردهای اجرایی بدون توجه به سطح چاقی و اضافه وزن شرکت‌کنندگان مؤثر بود. با توجه به نتایج پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت آموزش خودتنظیمی می‌تواند از طریق بهبود کارکردهای اجرایی و تنظیم هیجان منجر به بهبود خودکنترلی و مدیریت خوردن در نوجوانان شده و در نتیجه موجب کاهش سطح توده بدنی آن‌ها می‌شود.

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