اثربخشی نمایش درمانی برمیزان اضطراب کودکان کار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار پژوهشکده خانواده دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هنر را می‌توان یکی از کارآمدترین ابزار و روش‌های تربیت آدمی در عصر امروز به شمار آورد که نتایج و آثارش در زمینه خلاقیت و سلامت روانی در کودکان را می‌توان دید. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثر بخشی نمایش درمانی بر میزان اضطراب کودکان کار بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر روش نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل و همچنین مرحله پیگیری یک ماهه بود. جامعه آماری مشتمل بر تمامی کودکان کار 12-8 سال شهر اهواز که در سال 1400- 1399 زیرنظر بهزیستی بودند. پرسشنامه مقیاس اضطراب کودکان اسپنس به عنوان پیش‌آزمون میان همه داوطلبین توزیع و تکمیل گردید و 30 کودک که دارای بیشترین نمره اضطراب در بین آزمودنی‌ها بودند انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمایش در 13 جلسه 90 دقیقه‌ای تحت نمایش درمانی قرار گرفتند و گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای دریافت نکردند. پس از اتمام جلسه سیزدهم پس‌آزمون از هر دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گرفته شد و آزمون پیگیری یک ماه بعد در هر دو گروه اجرا شد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS-23 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که نمایش درمانی هم در مرحله پس‌آزمون و هم در پیگیری در گروه آزمایش بر خلاف گروه کنترل، به‌طور معنی‌داری اضطراب کودکان کار را کاهش داده است. بر این اساس روش نمایش درمانی در کاهش اضطراب کودکان کار مؤثر است.

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