تجربه هیجان خشم در افراد مبتلا به اختلال وسواسی اجباری: یک مطالعه کیفی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

2 استاد روان‌شناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، واحد توسعه تحقیقات بیمارستان فرقانی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران.

10.22055/psy.2020.33207.2532

چکیده

آشفتگی هیجانی به عنوان یک ویژگی مرکزی آسیب‌شناسی در اختلال‌های گوناگون به ویژه اختلال وسواسی اجباری است. خشم یکی از این هیجان‌های اصلی است که کمتر مورد توجه قرار گرفته و همین یافته‌های اندک نیز تناقض‌های متعدد و آشفتگی زیادی دارند. بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف ایجاد یک مدل یکپارچه برای تجربه خشم در این افراد صورت گرفت. این پژوهش کیفی و از نوع نظریه برخاسته از زمینه بود. شرکت‌کنندگان 29 نفر از افراد مبتلا به اختلال وسواسی اجباری بودند که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و گلوله‌برفی انتخاب شدند. جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از طریق مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته، مصاحبه روایتی و تصویرسازی ذهنی صورت گرفت. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از طرح نظام‌مند اشتروس و کوربین (1990) استفاده شد. سپس مقوله‌ها در یک مدل پارادایمی برخاسته از زمینه سازمان‌دهی شد. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش بیانگر شرایط علّی، زمینه، شرایط میانجی، چگونگی تجربه خشم، راهبردهای مدیریت و پیامدهای آن در این افراد است. این یافته‌ها بر لزوم برنامه‌های پیشگیرانه با تکیه بر متغیرهای علّی و طراحی برنامه‌های درمانی بر این اساس تاکید دارند.

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