نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی در سی دانشگاه یزد، ایران.

2 استادیار دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه یزد، ایران.

3 دانشیار دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه یزد، ایران.

4 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه یزد، ایران.

10.22055/psy.2022.40174.2808

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش ابعاد حمایت اجتماعی در بهزیستی دانش­آموزان دبیرستانی شهرستان اشکذر با واسطه­گری قدردانی انجام شد. روش پژوهش همبستگی از نوع معادلات ساختاری بود. جامعه مورد مطالعه این پژوهش شامل کلیه دانش­آموزان دختر و پسر متوسطه اول اشکذر در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399 بود. از جامعه مورد بررسی با استفاده از جدول مورگان کرجسی نمونه­ای به حجم 274 دانش­آموز به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. داده‌های پژهش از طریق پرسشنامه­ حمایت اجتماعی زیمت و همکاران، پرسشنامه قدردانی مورگان و همکاران و مقیاس بهزیستی روان­شناختی ریف جمع­آوری شدند و با روش الگویابی معادلات ساختاری با استفاده از نرم­افزار Amos-24 مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که حمایت اجتماعی به صورت مثبت و معنادار قدردانی (73/0 = β) و بهزیستی روانی (63/0 = β) را پیش­بینی می­کند. نتایج همچنین نشان داد که قدردانی به صورت مثبت و معنادار بهزیستی روانی (42/0 = β) را پیش­بینی می­کند. نتایج آزمون بوت استراپ نیز نشان داد که در رابطه بین حمایت اجتماعی و بهزیستی روانی، متغیر قدردانی می‌تواند نقش واسطه­ای داشته باشد. در نهایت نتایج نشان داد که الگوی پیشنهادی از برازش مناسبی برخوردار می­باشد. بنابراین با افزایش حمایت اجتماعی می­توان بهزیستی روانی نوجوانان را ارتقاء بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Social Support Dimensions in Psychological Well-Being of High School Students through Gratitude Mediation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Shafiee 1
  • Mohsen Shakeri 2
  • Mehdi Rahimi 3
  • Mahdieh Estabraghi 4

1 Master of Curriculum, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

4 Master of Educational Psychology, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Introduction
One of the most important stages in human development is adolescence; the period when a person goes through childhood and encounters new plans and responsibilities in the family and society. One of the most critical adolescent issues is adolescents' mental health and well-being. Various research studies have shown that psychological well-being is necessary for many successes and advances of individuals. It should be noted that many factors can increase or decrease psychological well-being; knowing them can be used to help adolescents improve psychological well-being. Various studies have shown that social support is one of the variables that play an important role in well-being. Gratitude is one of the factors that can probably act as a mediator in the impact of social support on people's well-being. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role of social support in the well-being of high school students in Ashkezar with the mediating role of gratitude. 
 
Method
This study was a correlational one (structural equation modeling). The population of this study included all male and female high school students in Ashkezar in the academic year of 2020-2021. A sample of 274 students was selected from the study population by convenient sampling. The research data were collected through Zimment et al.'s Social Support Questionnaire, Morgan et al.'s Gratitude Questionnaire, and Reef's Psychological Well-Being Scale. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling using Amos-24 software. A bootstrap test was also used to check the indirect effects and mediating roles. Finally, various fitness indices were applied to check the consistency between the data and the conceptual framework. 
 
Results
Regarding direct effects, the results showed that social support has a positive and significant effect on gratitude (β = 0.73) and psychological well-being (β = 0.63). The results also showed that gratitude positively and significantly affects psychological well-being (β = 0.42). The results of the bootstrap test also showed that in the relationship between social support and psychological well-being, the variable of gratitude could play a mediating role. Finally, the results showed that the proposed model has good fitness.
 
Conclusion
In sum, according to the research findings, it can be concluded that families and community officials can provide the environment to improve adolescents' mental health by delivering appropriate supportive environments. Also, proper conditions can promote adolescents' psychological well-being by teaching gratitude to adolescents. The results have been discussed in more detail using theoretical bases in the paper.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescence
  • Gratitude
  • Psychological well-being
  • Social support
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