نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی کودکان استثنایی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه روان‌ شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.

10.22055/psy.2022.38646.2743

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر پیش‌بینی کارکرد خانواده بر اساس کنترل تفکر منفی و استرس والدگری با نقش میانجی رضایت جنسی در والدین کودکان با اختلال یادگیری بود. روش این مطالعه توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری را کلیه والدین کودکان با اختلال یادگیری شهر تهران در سال 1399 تشکیل دادند که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند تعداد 212 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش عبارت از پرسشنامه‌های کارکرد خانواده مک مستر، کنترل تفکر منفی والس و دیویس ، استرس والدگری عابدین و رضایت جنسی هادسون بودند. ارزیابی مدل پیشنهادی با استفاده از روش تحلیل معادلات ساختاری انجام گرفت. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد رابطه بین کنترل تفکر منفی با کارکرد خانواده (p<0.01)؛ رضایت جنسی با کارکرد خانواده (p<0.01)؛ بین کنترل تفکر منفی با رضایت جنسی (p<0.01)؛ بین استرس والدگری با رضایت جنسی (p<0.01) معنی‌دار است؛ اما رابطه بین استرس والدگری با کارکرد خانواده (p>0.05) معنی‌دار نشد. همچنین، مسیرهای غیرمستقیم کنترل تفکر منفی با کارکرد خانواده با نقش واسطه رضایت جنسی (p<0.01) و نیز رابطه استرس والدگری با کارکرد خانواده با نقش واسطه‌ای رضایت جنسی (p<0.01) معنی‌دار شدند. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، الگوی پیشنهادی از برازش مطلوبی برخوردار بود و گام مهمی در جهت شناخت عوامل مؤثر بر کارکرد خانواده والدین کودکان با اختلال یادگیری محسوب می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Family Functioning based on Control of Negative Thinking and Parental Stress with Mediating Role of Sexual Satisfaction: Model Presentation in Parents of Children with Learning Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Mohebi 1
  • Zahra Dasht Bozorgi 2
  • Reza Johari fard 3

1 Ph.D. Student in Exceptional Child Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Introduction
Learning disabilities are problems that negatively affect an individual's education and education-related skills such as reading, writing, arithmetic, and others because of having different perceptions of what they see. Parents may wonder what his future will be like despite this problem. Various factors affect the family function of parents with learning disabilities; one of the factors is controlling negative thinking. This study aimed to predict family functioning based on the control of negative thinking and parental stress with the mediating role of sexual satisfaction.
 
Method
In this correlational study, 212 Parents of children with learning disorders in Tehran were selected through the purposive sampling method. For each parameter calculated, at least 10 participants are required to test the model. In this study, the Family functioning of McMaster (1983), and the Control of negative thinking of Wales & Davis (1994) include subscales that measure individual differences in controlling annoying thoughts. Strategies for controlling thinking are distraction, worry, social strategies, self-discipline, and re-evaluating thinking are used, Also Parenting Stress Questionnaire of Abidin (1992), which includes items covering adaptability, child domain, mood, attachment, acceptance, extravagance, reinforcement, inattention / over-action, relationship with spouse, parent domain, depression, sense of competence, role constraints, parental health, isolation It is life… and finally Sexual satisfaction of Hadson, et al. (1981) was used for data collection in this study which assesses couples' satisfaction levels. The proposed model was evaluated using a structural equation method. 
 
Results
There is a significant relationship between control of negative thinking with family functioning (p<0.01), sexual satisfaction with family functioning (p<0.01), control of negative thinking with sexual satisfaction (p<0.01), spiritual well-being with sexual satisfaction (p<0.01), but there was a significant relationship between parental stress with family functioning (p>0.05). Also, indirect pathways were significant control of negative thinking with family functioning with mediating role of sexual satisfaction (p<0.01), parental stress with family functioning with mediating role of sexual satisfaction (p<0.01).
 
Discussion
The results indicate that there are high levels of conflict and low levels of cohesion in families with children with learning disabilities. It is natural to expect these families to be affected by the symptoms of the child disorder and for parental problems to increase in these families. When parents can acquire these skills, they can be aware of problems and stresses and find appropriate solutions, thus reducing stress in their relationship with the child as well as marital relationships, and improving sexual satisfaction as well as family functioning. Find. Thus, it can be said that sexual satisfaction plays a mediating role in the relationship between controlling negative thinking and parenting stress with family functioning. The statistical population of this study was limited & through questionnaires, which makes the generalization of the results and bias issue with caution. Therefore, it is suggested that more research be done on other samples to generalize the results. And also holding workshops, to strengthen the control of negative thinking and reduce parental stress, it is possible to increase sexual satisfaction in them and increase family functioning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • control of negative thinking
  • family functioning
  • learning disorder
  • parental stress
  • sexual satisfaction 
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